OPEN ACCESS pISSN 2234-3806
eISSN 2234-3814

Cited by CrossRef (263)

  1. Wooho Sim, Hyunhye Kang, Jin Jung, Jihyun Lee, Geon Young Ko, Hye-Sun Park, Jeewan Choi, Kinam Park, Eun-Jee Oh. Comparison of humoral and cellular immune responses between ChAd-BNT heterologous vaccination and BNT-BNT homologous vaccination following the third BNT dose: A prospective cohort study. Front. Immunol. 2023;14
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2023.1120556
  2. E. Alperay Tarim, Betul Karakuzu, Cemre Oksuz, Oyku Sarigil, Melike Kizilkaya, Mahmoud Khatib A. A. Al-Ruweidi, Huseyin Cagatay Yalcin, Engin Ozcivici, H. Cumhur Tekin. Microfluidic-based virus detection methods for respiratory diseases. emergent mater. 2021;4:143
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s42247-021-00169-7
  3. M. Zizzo, R. Bollino, V. Annessi. Pre- and post-operative screening in limited-term elective cancer surgery patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Visceral Surgery 2020;157:S69
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2020.04.015
  4. Sharmili Roy, Archana Ramadoss. Environmental and Health Management of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19 ). 2020.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-85780-2.00017-2
  5. Robert G. Mannino, Eric J. Nehl, Sarah Farmer, Amanda Foster Peagler, Maren C. Parsell, Viviana Claveria, David Ku, David S. Gottfried, Hang Chen, Wilbur A. Lam, Oliver Brand. The critical role of engineering in the rapid development of COVID-19 diagnostics: Lessons from the RADx Tech Test Verification Core. Sci. Adv. 2023;9
    https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.ade4962
  6. S.I. Cho, Y.E. Kim, S.J. Jo. Association of COVID‐19 with skin diseases and relevant biologics: a cross‐sectional study using nationwide claim data in South Korea*. Br J Dermatol 2021;184:296
    https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.19507
  7. Manoucher Teymouri, Samaneh Mollazadeh, Hamed Mortazavi, Zari Naderi Ghale-noie, Vahideh Keyvani, Farzaneh Aghababaei, Michael R Hamblin, Ghasem Abbaszadeh-Goudarzi, Hossein Pourghadamyari, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hashemian, Hamed Mirzaei. Recent advances and challenges of RT-PCR tests for the diagnosis of COVID-19. Pathology - Research and Practice 2021;221:153443
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2021.153443
  8. Hae-Sun Chung, Ji Su Chung, Yeo-Jin Lee, Seonwoo Lee, Juhyun Jeong, Min-Kyung So, Miae Lee. Verification of the Performance of the Panbio COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device for Implementation in the Clinical Laboratory. Ewha Med J 2023;46
    https://doi.org/10.12771/emj.2023.e2
  9. Michał Terlecki, Wiktoria Wojciechowska, Marek Klocek, Agnieszka Olszanecka, Adam Bednarski, Tomasz Drożdż, Christopher Pavlinec, Paweł Lis, Maciej Zając, Jakub Rusinek, Zbigniew Siudak, Stanisław Bartuś, Marek Rajzer. Impact of concomitant COVID-19 on the outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing coronary artery angiography. Front. Cardiovasc. Med. 2022;9
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2022.917250
  10. Omid Dadras, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Amirali Karimi, Ahmadreza Shamsabadi, Kowsar Qaderi, Maryam Ramezani, Seyed Peyman Mirghaderi, Sara Mahdiabadi, Farzin Vahedi, Solmaz Saeidi, Alireza Shojaei, Mohammad Mehrtak, Shiva A. Azar, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Fabrício A. Voltarelli. Retracted: COVID‐19 mortality and its predictors in the elderly: A systematic review. Health Science Reports 2022;5
    https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.657
  11. Seri Jeong, Jae-Seok Kim, Su Kyung Lee, Eun-Jung Cho, Jungwon Hyun, Wonkeun Song, Hyun Soo Kim. Tracking the Genomic Evolution of SARS-CoV-2 for 29 Months in South Korea. Viruses 2023;15:873
    https://doi.org/10.3390/v15040873
  12. Seyyed Hossein Khatami, Ahmad Movahedpour, Mortaza Taheri-Anganeh. Serological and RT-PCR diagnosis approaches for COVID-19. Health Science Monitor 2022;1:24
    https://doi.org/10.52547/hsm.1.1.24
  13. Poddar Mrinal Kanti, Chakraborty Apala. nCOVID-19: Its diagnosis, possible preventive measures, therapeutic interventions and management. Arch Community Med Public Health 2020:115
    https://doi.org/10.17352/2455-5479.000090
  14. Youlim Kim, Hyun Lee, Sun-Kyung Lee, Bumhee Yang, Hayoung Choi, Dong Won Park, Tai Sun Park, Ji-Yong Moon, Tae-Hyung Kim, Jang Won Sohn, Ho Joo Yoon, Sang-Heon Kim. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is Associated with a More Symptomatic Burden and Severe Presentation of COVID-19: A Korean National COVID-19 Cohort Study. Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 2022;256:209
    https://doi.org/10.1620/tjem.256.209
  15. Desmond Chin, Liesl S. Eibschutz, Juliana Sobczyk, Mobin Azami, Michael Jovan Repajic, Michael P. Dube. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19). 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119789741.ch3
  16. Maria-Eleni Parakatselaki, Georgia Alexi, Alexandros Zafiropoulos, George Sourvinos. Evaluation of STANDARDTM M10 SARS-CoV-2 assay as a diagnostic tool for SARS-CoV-2 in nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal swab samples. Journal of Clinical Virology Plus 2023;3:100129
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcvp.2022.100129
  17. Shaun S. Tan, Sharon Saw, Ka Lip Chew, Cindy Wang, Anastacia Pajarillaga, Candy Khoo, Weixuan Wang, Zahidah Mohamed Ali, Zhixin Yang, Yiong Huak Chan, Paul Tambyah, Roland Jureen, Sunil K Sethi. Comparative Clinical Evaluation of the Roche Elecsys and Abbott Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Serology Assays for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). 2021;145:32
    https://doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2020-0499-SA
  18. Gaetana Costanza, Pierpaolo Paba, Marco Ciotti, Domenico Ombres, Stefano Di Carlo, Fabbio Marcuccilli, Ada Bertoli, Loide Di Traglia, Marcello Mozzani, Lucia Piredda, Vita Petrone, Marialaura Fanelli, Carla Paganelli, Barbara Cortese, Emanuela Balestrieri, Sergio Bernardini, Massimo Andreoni, Claudia Matteucci, Antonella Minutolo, Sandro Grelli. Infection Rate of Respiratory Viruses in the Pandemic SARS-CoV-2 Period Considering Symptomatic Patients: Two Years of Ongoing Observations. Biomolecules 2022;12:987
    https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12070987
  19. Maria Ana Cristina Huergo, Nguyen Thi Kim Thanh. Current advances in the detection of COVID-19 and evaluation of the humoral response. Analyst 2021;146:382
    https://doi.org/10.1039/D0AN01686A
  20. Mikyoung Park, Mina Hur, Hanah Kim, Chae Hoon Lee, Jong Ho Lee, Hyung Woo Kim, Minjeong Nam. Prognostic Utility of Procalcitonin, Presepsin, and the VACO Index for Predicting 30-day Mortality in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:406
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.4.406
  21. Dimitra S. Mouliou. The Deceptive COVID-19: Lessons from Common Molecular Diagnostics and a Novel Plan for the Prevention of the Next Pandemic. Diseases 2023;11:20
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases11010020
  22. Hye Jin Shi, Jae Baek Lee, Hyun Joo Kang, Min Kyung Choi, Joong Sik Eom. Importance of Wearing Facial Masks to Prevent Nosocomial Transmissions of COVID-19. Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2021;26:101
    https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2021.26.2.101
  23. A.O. Peixoto, R.M. Costa, R. Uzun, A.M.A. Fraga, J.D. Ribeiro, F.A.L. Marson. Applicability of lung ultrasound in COVID-19 diagnosis and evaluation of the disease progression: A systematic review. Pulmonology 2021;27:529
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pulmoe.2021.02.004
  24. Hyejin Ryu, Eunha Oh, Kyungjae Cha, Kina Kim, Soohyun Kim, Dohsik Minn. Clinical Evaluation of an Antigen Home Test Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and Stacking Pad for SARS-CoV-2 Screening with Nasal and Salivary Swab Samples. Diagnostics 2023;13:880
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13050880
  25. Byron Freire-Paspuel, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain. Poor sensitivity of "AccuPower SARS-CoV-2 real time RT-PCR kit (Bioneer, South Korea)". Virol J 2020;17
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12985-020-01445-4
  26. Min Woo Kim. A Review of Recent Trend of COVID-19 Infection and Correlation with Pulmonary Function. BSL 2020;26:127
    https://doi.org/10.15616/BSL.2020.26.3.127
  27. Paola Verde, Cinzia Marcantonio, Angela Costantino, Antonio Martina, Matteo Simeoni, Stefania Taffon, Elena Tritarelli, Carmelo Campanella, Raffaele Cresta, Roberto Bruni, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Giulio Pisani, Roberto Nisini, Enea Spada, Etsuro Ito. Diagnostic accuracy of a SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen test among military and civilian personnel of an Air Force airport in central Italy. PLoS ONE 2022;17:e0277904
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0277904
  28. Agnès Marchio, Christophe Batejat, Jessica Vanhomwegen, Maxence Feher, Quentin Grassin, Maxime Chazal, Olivia Raulin, Anne Farges-Berth, Florence Reibel, Vincent Estève, Anne Dejean, Nolwenn Jouvenet, Jean-Claude Manuguerra, Pascal Pineau. ddPCR increases detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients with low viral loads. Arch Virol 2021;166:2529
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-021-05149-0
  29. Kyoung Ho Roh, Ki Ho Hong, Myung-Hyun Nam, Taek Soo Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Jin Kyung Lee, Sookyoung Bae, Hee Jae Huh, Jeong-Yeal Ahn, Jinsook Lim, Gab Jung Kim, Jae Sun Park, Hyun Yeong Kim, Cheon Kwon Yoo, Hyukmin Lee. Guidelines for Mobile Laboratories for Molecular Diagnostic Testing of COVID-19. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:507
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.5.507
  30. Jung-Ah Kim, Hae In Bang, Jeong Won Shin, Yoonhye Park, Saerom Kim, Mi-Young Kim, Eui Young Jang, Woo Yong Shin, Jieun Kim, Rojin Park, Tae Youn Choi. Immunogenicity of Third-dose BNT162b2 mRNA Vaccine Following Two Doses of ChAdOx1 in Health Care Workers: A Prospective Longitudinal Study. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:688
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.6.688
  31. David Fistera, Katja Kikull, Joachim Risse, Anke Herrmann, Matthias Brachmann, Clemens Kill, Vittorio Sambri. Point-of-care PCR testing of SARS-CoV-2 in the emergency department: Influence on workflow and efficiency. PLoS ONE 2023;18:e0288906
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0288906
  32. Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Pamela Seron, Diana Buitrago-García, Agustin Ciapponi, Alfonso Muriel, Paula Zambrano-Achig, Rosa del Campo, Juan Carlos Galán-Montemayor, Daniel Simancas-Racines, Jose A Perez-Molina, Khalid Saeed Khan, Javier Zamora. Recommendations for SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 testing: a scoping review of current guidance. BMJ Open 2021;11:e043004
    https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043004
  33. Byron Freire-Paspuel, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain. Low clinical performance of the Isopollo COVID-19 detection kit (M Monitor, South Korea) for RT-LAMP SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis: A call for action against low quality products for developing countries. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2021;104:303
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.12.088
  34. Suzanne E. Schindler, Gregory A. Jicha, Peter T. Nelson, C. Dirk Keene, Kaj Blennow, José Luis Molinuevo, Colin L. Masters, Oskar Hansson, Charlotte E. Teunissen, Douglas Galasko, Leslie M. Shaw, Allan I. Levey, Nina Silverberg. Maximizing Safety in the Conduct of Alzheimer’s Disease Fluid Biomarker Research in the Era of COVID-19. JAD 2020;76:27
    https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-200684
  35. Salvatore Chirumbolo. SARS‐CoV2 virions in PM10 pollutants. May further research reject this thesis?. Journal of Medical Virology 2021;93:1247
    https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26590
  36. Young Jin Kim, Mina Hur. Quantum Leap and Future Contribution of Annals of Laboratory Medicine. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:1
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.1.1
  37. Suk Kyoon Song, Won Kee Choi, Myung Rae Cho. Surgical intervention in patients with proximal femoral fractures confirmed positive for COVID-19—a report of 2 cases. Acta Orthopaedica 2020;91:567
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2020.1770420
  38. Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ramasamy Parthiban Aravindh Babu, Kuldeep Dhama, Murugesan Ananda Chitra, Govindan Kalaiselvi, Tuticorin Maragatham Alagesan Senthilkumar, Gopal Dhinakar Raj. Biosafety Concerns During the Collection, Transportation, and Processing of COVID-19 Samples for Diagnosis. Archives of Medical Research 2020;51:623
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arcmed.2020.08.007
  39. Yu-Mi Lee, Dong Youn Kim, Ki-Ho Park, Mi Suk Lee, Young Jin Kim. Monitoring environmental contamination caused by SARS-CoV-2 in a healthcare facility by using adenosine triphosphate testing. American Journal of Infection Control 2020;48:1280
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.06.207
  40. Eunhee Han, Seungok Lee, Hoon Seok Kim, Haein Yu, Gun Dong Lee, Yonggoo Kim, Myungshin Kim. Analytical performance of the Abbott ID NOW 2.0 assay for SARS-CoV-2 detection in clinical samples from symptomatic patients. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 2024;108:116164
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2023.116164
  41. Hyunju Oh, Hyunjeong Ahn, Anubhav Tripathi. A Closer Look into FDA-EUA Approved Diagnostic Techniques of Covid-19. ACS Infect. Dis. 2021;7:2787
    https://doi.org/10.1021/acsinfecdis.1c00268
  42. Sourav Dutta Dip, Shovon Lal Sarkar, Md. Ali Ahasan Setu, Prosanto Kumar Das, Md. Hasan Ali Pramanik, A. S. M. Rubayet Ul Alam, Hassan M. Al-Emran, M. Anwar Hossain, Iqbal Kabir Jahid. Evaluation of RT-PCR assays for detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. Sci Rep 2023;13
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-28275-y
  43. Hee Sue Park, Pan Kee Bae, Hye Won Jeong, Bo Ra Son, Kyeong Seob Shin. Serological Evidence of Coxiella burnetii and SARS-CoV-2 Co-infection: A Case Report. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:510
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.5.510
  44. You La Jeon, Sang Gon Lee, Eun Hee Lee, Sungwook Song, Un Young Go, Ga-Young Chun. Different interpretations of inconclusive results of SARS-CoV-2 real-time RT PCR. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 2023;106:115888
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2022.115888
  45. Yong Kwan Lim, Oh Joo Kweon, Hye Ryoun Kim, Tae-Hyoung Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee. Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of inconclusive results in SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR assays. BMC Infect Dis 2021;21
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-021-06534-5
  46. 상운 정, 가람 강, 한슬 장, 상미 박, 영지 김, 지혜 한, 사현 홍, 규식 장, 은정 이, 정구 남. 2022년 국립인천공항검역소 의뢰 해외입국자 코로나바이러스감염증-19 검사 현황. Public Health Weekly Report 2023;16:381
    https://doi.org/10.56786/PHWR.2023.16.13.2
  47. Chul Young Yoon, Junhun Lee, Tae Hoon Kong, Young Joon Seo. Effect of changes in the hearing aid subsidy on the prevalence of hearing loss in South Korea. Front. Neurol. 2023;14
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2023.1215494
  48. Moon Hyeok Choi, Guralamatta Siddappa Ravi Kumara, Jaehyeon Lee, Young Jun Seo. Point-of-care COVID-19 testing: colorimetric diagnosis using rapid and ultra-sensitive ramified rolling circle amplification. Anal Bioanal Chem 2022;414:5907
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-022-04156-7
  49. Jungeun Kim. Clinical Feature of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Elderly. Korean J Clin Geri 2020;21:1
    https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2020.21.1.1
  50. Jae-Sun Uhm, Jin Young Ahn, JongHoon Hyun, Yujin Sohn, Jung Ho Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Jun Yong Choi, Yu-Kyung Park, Ho-sung Yi, Sung Kyu Park, Bong-Ok Kim, Hyewon Kim, Jinwoo Choi, Seung-mo Kang, Yeong Ho Choi, Hae Kyoung Yoon, Sunkyung Jung, Hyeong Nyeon Kim, Joon-Sup Yeom, Yoon Soo Park. Patterns of viral clearance in the natural course of asymptomatic COVID-19: Comparison with symptomatic non-severe COVID-19. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2020;99:279
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.07.070
  51. Qi Liu, Zhenzhen Huang, Xiaolong Li. Research on intelligent prevention and control of COVID-19 in China’s urban rail transit based on artificial intelligence and big data. IFS 2020;39:9085
    https://doi.org/10.3233/JIFS-189307
  52. Ye Seul Bae, Kyung Hwan Kim, Sae Won Choi, Taehoon Ko, Chang Wook Jeong, BeLong Cho, Min Sun Kim, EunKyo Kang. Information Technology–Based Management of Clinically Healthy COVID-19 Patients: Lessons From a Living and Treatment Support Center Operated by Seoul National University Hospital. J Med Internet Res 2020;22:e19938
    https://doi.org/10.2196/19938
  53. Mustafa K. Özçürümez, Andreas Ambrosch, Oliver Frey, Verena Haselmann, Stefan Holdenrieder, Michael Kiehntopf, Michael Neumaier, Michael Walter, Folker Wenzel, Roman Wölfel, Harald Renz. SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing—questions to be asked. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2020;146:35
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2020.05.020
  54. Xin Xu, Jun Xia, Shiyi Zhao, Qun Wang, Guangbo Ge, Feng Xu, Xia Liu, Weidong Zhang, Yili Yang. Qing‐Fei‐Pai‐Du decoction and wogonoside exert anti‐inflammatory action through down‐regulating USP14 to promote the degradation of activating transcription factor 2. The FASEB Journal 2021;35
    https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.202100370RR
  55. Hikmet Can Çubukçu, Deniz İlhan Topcu, Nilüfer Bayraktar, Murat Gülşen, Nuran Sarı, Ayşe Hande Arslan. Detection of COVID-19 by Machine Learning Using Routine Laboratory Tests. 2022;157:758
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/aqab187
  56. Seung Won Lee, Eun Kyo Ha, Abdullah Özgür Yeniova, Sung Yong Moon, So Young Kim, Hyun Yong Koh, Jee Myung Yang, Su Jin Jeong, Sun Joon Moon, Joo Young Cho, In Kyung Yoo, Dong Keon Yon. Severe clinical outcomes of COVID-19 associated with proton pump inhibitors: a nationwide cohort study with propensity score matching. Gut 2021;70:76
    https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2020-322248
  57. Chungmu Jun, Young-Jae Cho, Patrick Michael Quinn, Suk-Kyoon Song. Acute respiratory distress syndrome after treating ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fracture with reamed intramedullary nailing in an asymptomatic COVID-19 patient. SAGE Open Medical Case Reports 2023;11:2050313X2311682
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2050313X231168290
  58. Akihiro Hisaka, Hideki Yoshioka, Hiroto Hatakeyama, Hiromi Sato, Yoshihiro Onouchi, Naohiko Anzai. Global Comparison of Changes in the Number of Test-Positive Cases and Deaths by Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19) in the World. JCM 2020;9:1904
    https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9061904
  59. Kwan Hong, Trishna Kisiju, Jeehyun Kim, Byung Chul Chun. Cardio-cerebrovascular complications in COVID-19 patients: A retrospective cohort study. Front. Med. 2022;9
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.1045274
  60. Lise Lecointre, Aïna Venkatasamy, Mégane Wehr, Antoine Koch, Axel Sananes, Christian Debry, Massimo Lodi, Nicolas Sananes. Multicentric evaluation of a 3D‐printed simulator for COVID- 19 nasopharyngeal swab collection in testing centers. Journal of Infection 2021;83:709
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2021.09.015
  61. Cheng Zhang, Huan Cui, Zhendong Guo, Zhaoliang Chen, Fang Yan, Yuanguo Li, Juxiang Liu, Yuwei Gao, Chunmao Zhang, Tom Gallagher. SARS-CoV-2 Virus Culture, Genomic and Subgenomic RNA Load, and Rapid Antigen Test in Experimentally Infected Syrian Hamsters. J Virol 2022;96
    https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.01034-22
  62. Minjeong Seo, Hakmyeong Lim, Myungkyu Park, Kwangtae Ha, Seungmi Kwon, Jinho Shin, Jaein Lee, Youngok Hwang, Younghee Oh, Yongseung Shin. Field study of the indoor environments for preventing the spread of the SARS‐CoV‐2 in Seoul. Indoor Air 2022;32
    https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12959
  63. Soonjong Bae, Jong-Myon Bae. Epidemiological application of the cycle threshold value of RT-PCR for estimating infection period in cases of SARS-CoV-2. J Med Life Sci 2023;20:107
    https://doi.org/10.22730/jmls.2023.20.3.107
  64. Beatriz Araujo Oliveira, Lea Campos de Oliveira, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Thelma Suely Okay. SARS-CoV-2 and the COVID-19 disease: a mini review on diagnostic methods. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo 2020;62
    https://doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946202062044
  65. Min-Chul Kim, Chunguang Cui, Kyeong-Ryeol Shin, Joon-Yong Bae, Oh-Joo Kweon, Mi-Kyung Lee, Seong-Ho Choi, Sun-Young Jung, Man-Seong Park, Jin-Won Chung. Duration of Culturable SARS-CoV-2 in Hospitalized Patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med 2021;384:671
    https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2027040
  66. Vahid Rahimkhoei, Jafar Rezaie, Ali Akbari, Aynaz Nourani, Nassrollah Jabbari, Zohreh Mehri Lighvan, Mojtaba Amini. Nano‐based methods for novel coronavirus 2019 (2019‐nCoV) diagnosis: A review. Cell Biochemistry & Function 2021;39:29
    https://doi.org/10.1002/cbf.3606
  67. Jiatong Su, T. Zhu, M. Anpo, A. Sharifi. The Techniques Used on the Development of COVID-19 Vaccine. E3S Web Conf. 2021;271:01037
    https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202127101037
  68. Jihyang Lim, Jehoon Lee. Current laboratory diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019. Korean J Intern Med 2020;35:741
    https://doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2020.257
  69. Refat Nimer, Samer Swedan, Hassan Kofahi, Omar Khabour. Increased Adherence to Infection Control Practices Among Medical Laboratory Technicians During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Self-Reported Survey Study. 2021;87:56
    https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3378
  70. Jae-Hoon Ko, Eun-Jeong Joo, Sung-Han Kim, Yae-Jean Kim, Kyungmin Huh, Sun Young Cho, Cheol-In Kang, Doo Ryeon Chung, Eun-Suk Kang, Kyong Ran Peck. Clinical application of rapid diagnostic test kit for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies into the field of patient care. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection 2021;54:97
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2020.07.003
  71. Heungsup Sung, Myung-Guk Han, Cheon-Kwon Yoo, Sang-Won Lee, Yoon-Seok Chung, Jae-Sun Park, Mi-Na Kim, Hyukmin Lee, Ki Ho Hong, Moon-Woo Seong, Kyunghoon Lee, Sail Chun, Wee Gyo Lee, Gye-Cheol Kwon, Won-Ki Min. Nationwide External Quality Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Molecular Testing, South Korea. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2020;26:2353
    https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2610.202551
  72. Maemu P. Gededzha, Nakampe Mampeule, Sarika Jugwanth, Nontobeko Zwane, Anura David, Wendy A. Burgers, Jonathan M. Blackburn, Jurette S. Grove, Jaya A. George, Ian Sanne, Lesley Scott, Wendy Stevens, Elizabeth S. Mayne, Sabato D’Auria. Performance of the EUROIMMUN Anti-SARS-CoV-2 ELISA Assay for detection of IgA and IgG antibodies in South Africa. PLoS ONE 2021;16:e0252317
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0252317
  73. Tae Yeul Kim, Ji-Youn Kim, Hyang Jin Shim, Sun Ae Yun, Ja-Hyun Jang, Hee Jae Huh, Jong-Won Kim, Nam Yong Lee. Performance Evaluation of the PowerChek SARS-CoV-2, Influenza A & B Multiplex Real-Time PCR Kit in Comparison with the BioFire Respiratory Panel. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:473
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.4.473
  74. Sareh Arjmand, Behrad Ghiasi, Samin Haghighi Poodeh, Fataneh Fatemi, Zahra Hassani Nejad, Seyed Ehsan Ranaei Siadat. COVID-19. 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-3108-5_6
  75. Hyo-Jin Lee, Hae Kook Lee, Yang Ree Kim, Etsuro Ito. The impact of caregivers on nosocomial transmission during a COVID-19 outbreak in a community-based hospital in South Korea. PLoS ONE 2022;17:e0277816
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0277816
  76. Renan Gonçalves Leonel da Silva, Roger Chammas, Guilherme Ary Plonski, Moises Goldbaum, Luis Carlos de Souza Ferreira, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes. A participação da universidade na produção de testes diagnósticos moleculares do novo coronavírus no Brasil: resposta aos desafios sanitários. Cad. Saúde Pública 2020;36
    https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00115520
  77. Abhirup Banerjee, Surajit Ray, Bart Vorselaars, Joanne Kitson, Michail Mamalakis, Simonne Weeks, Mark Baker, Louise S. Mackenzie. Use of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence to predict SARS-CoV-2 infection from Full Blood Counts in a population. International Immunopharmacology 2020;86:106705
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106705
  78. Jae-Seok Kim. Understandings and Prospects of Laboratory Diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 . Keimyung Med J 2020;39:57
    https://doi.org/10.46308/kmj.2020.00199
  79. Sergio Críales-Vera, Huitzilihuitl Saucedo-Orozco, Pedro Iturralde-Torres, Gustavo Martínez-Mota, Estefanía Dávila-Medina, Verónica Guarner-Lans, Linaloe Manzano-Pech, Israel Pérez-Torres, María Elena Soto. Tomography and Prognostic Indices in the State of the Art of Evaluation in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia. Pathogens 2022;11:1281
    https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11111281
  80. Michał Terlecki, Wiktoria Wojciechowska, Marek Klocek, Tomasz Drożdż, Maryla Kocowska-Trytko, Paweł Lis, Christopher Pavlinec, Jan W. Pęksa, Michał Kania, Zbigniew Siudak, Andrzej Januszewicz, Reinhold Kreutz, Maciej Małecki, Tomasz Grodzicki, Marek Rajzer. Prevalence and clinical implications of atrial fibrillation in patients hospitalized due to COVID-19: Data from a registry in Poland. Front. Cardiovasc. Med. 2023;10
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2023.1133373
  81. M. Durand, H. Mirghani, P. Bonfils, O. Laccourreye. Chirurgie en période COVID, étude observationnelle. Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale 2022;139:3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aforl.2021.04.002
  82. Valentin Sebastian Schäfer, Florian Recker, Edgar Kretschmer, Christian Putensen, Stefan Felix Ehrentraut, Christian Staerk, Tobias Fleckenstein, Andreas Mayr, Armin Seibel, Jens-Christian Schewe, Simon Michael Petzinna. Lung Ultrasound in Predicting Outcomes in Patients with COVID-19 Treated with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Viruses 2023;15:1796
    https://doi.org/10.3390/v15091796
  83. Sung-min Kim, Yoon Jin Hwang, Youngseok Kwak. Prolonged SARS-CoV-2 detection and reversed RT-PCR results in mild or asymptomatic patients. Infectious Diseases 2021;53:31
    https://doi.org/10.1080/23744235.2020.1820076
  84. Eman Serag, Marwa El-Zeftawy. Environmental aspect and applications of nanotechnology to eliminate COVID-19 epidemiology risk. Nanotechnol. Environ. Eng. 2021;6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s41204-021-00108-1
  85. Minkook Son, Yoon Sung Jo, Sangyong Jo, Kyungil Park. Impact of COVID-19 on Heart Failure Patients in South Korea. Int. Heart J. 2021;62:1083
    https://doi.org/10.1536/ihj.21-198
  86. Jayeon Song, Baekdong Cha, Jeong Moon, Hyowon Jang, Sunjoo Kim, Jieun Jang, Dongeun Yong, Hyung-Jun Kwon, In-Chul Lee, Eun-Kyung Lim, Juyeon Jung, Hyun Gyu Park, Taejoon Kang. Smartphone-Based SARS-CoV-2 and Variants Detection System using Colorimetric DNAzyme Reaction Triggered by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) with Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR). ACS Nano 2022;16:11300
    https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.2c04840
  87. Silvia Fiorelli, Cecilia Menna, Federico Piccioni, Mohsen Ibrahim, Erino Angelo Rendina, Monica Rocco, Domenico Massullo. The Cutting Edge of Thoracic Anesthesia During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 2020;34:3203
    https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2020.05.042
  88. Sibra RM Shihab, Bushran N. Iqbal, Shiyamalee Arunasalam, Faseeha Noordeen. Quality of the sample-based RNA determines the real-time RT-PCR results in the laboratory diagnosis of COVID-19. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 2024;108:116076
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2023.116076
  89. Ersin Ibisoglu, Bedrettin Boyraz. Comparison of ventricular repolarization parameters of Covid-19 patients diagnosed with chest CT and RT-PCR. Acta Cardiologica 2021;76:1013
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00015385.2021.1950366
  90. M. Durand, H. Mirghani, P. Bonfils, O. Laccourreye. Surgery under COVID: An observational study. European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases 2022;139:5
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2021.06.003
  91. Juhwan Oh, Matthew M. Kavanagh, Katie Gottschalk, S V Subramanian, Kenji Shibuya, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Cristina Alonso, Irene Torres, Koku Awoonor-Williams, Van Minh Hoang, Ayaga A Bawah, Giang Huong Tran, S. Patrick Kachur, Rocío Sáenz, Osvaldo Artaza, Soonman Kwon, Eun Woo Nam, Jae Wook Choi, Jong-Koo Lee, Martin McKee, Lawrence O. Gostin. Announcement of launching the JGHS commission on COVID-19 response. J Glob Health Sci 2020;2
    https://doi.org/10.35500/jghs.2020.2.e20
  92. Soo Ick Cho, Susie Yoon, Ho-Jin Lee. Impact of comorbidity burden on mortality in patients with COVID-19 using the Korean health insurance database. Sci Rep 2021;11
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-85813-2
  93. Catielma Nascimento Santos, Karla Mayra Rezende, Nilson Ferreira de Oliveira Neto, Thelma Suely Okay, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Marcelo Bönecker. Saliva: an important alternative for screening and monitoring of COVID-19 in children. Braz. oral res. 2020;34
    https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0125
  94. In Hwa Jeong, Jong-Hun Kim, Min-Jung Kwon, Jayoung Kim, Hee Jin Huh, Byoungguk Kim, Junewoo Lee, Jeong-hyun Nam, Eun-Suk Kang. Realistic Estimation of COVID-19 Infection by Seroprevalence Surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies: An Experience From Korea Metropolitan Area From January to May 2022. J Korean Med Sci 2024;39
    https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2024.39.e43
  95. Xufei Luo, Yunlan Liu, Mengjuan Ren, Xianzhuo Zhang, Estill Janne, Meng Lv, Qi Wang, Yang Song, Joseph L. Mathew, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Myeong Soo Lee, Yaolong Chen. Consistency of recommendations and methodological quality of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of COVID‐19. J Evidence Based Medicine 2021;14:40
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jebm.12419
  96. Soohyeon Lee, Ah-reum Lim, Min Ja Kim, Yoon Ji Choi, Ju Won Kim, Kyong Hwa Park, Sang Won Shin, Yeul Hong Kim. Innovative countermeasures can maintain cancer care continuity during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic in Korea. European Journal of Cancer 2020;136:69
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.06.021
  97. Moon Seong Baek, Min Jae Cha, Min-Chul Kim, Jin-Won Chung, Won-Young Kim, Hyewon Choi, Seong-Ho Choi, Francesco Di Gennaro. Clinical and radiological findings of adult hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia from SARS-CoV-2 and endemic human coronaviruses. PLoS ONE 2021;16:e0245547
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0245547
  98. Mikyoung Park, Mina Hur, Hanah Kim, Chae Hoon Lee, Jong Ho Lee, Minjeong Nam. Usefulness of KL-6 for Predicting Clinical Outcomes in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients. Medicina 2022;58:1317
    https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina58101317
  99. Mi-Na Kim, Hyun Soo Kim, Hye Gyung Bae, Hee Jae Huh, Heungsup Sung. Laboratory Diagnosis and Utilization for COVID-19. Korean J healthc assoc Infect Control Prev 2021;26:47
    https://doi.org/10.14192/kjicp.2021.26.2.47
  100. In-Kyung Jeong, Kun Ho Yoon, Moon Kyu Lee. Diabetes and COVID-19: Global and regional perspectives. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2020;166:108303
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108303
  101. In Bum Suh, Hana Kim, Chae Eun Kim, MSc, Jong-Chan Park, Soohyun Kim, Do-CiC Mihn. Evaluation of Clinical and Analytical Performance of a Nucleocapsid Protein Antigen-based ELISA for Detecting Antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Lab Med Online 2021;11:275
    https://doi.org/10.47429/lmo.2021.11.4.275
  102. Suxia Bao, Hong-yi Pan, Wei Zheng, Qing-Qing Wu, Yi-Ning Dai, Nan-Nan Sun, Tian-Chen Hui, Wen-Hao Wu, Yi-Cheng Huang, Guo-Bo Chen, Qiao-Qiao Yin, Li-Juan Wu, Rong Yan, Ming-Shan Wang, Mei-Juan Chen, Jia-Jie Zhang, Li-Xia Yu, Ji-Chan Shi, Nian Fang, Yue-Fei Shen, Xin-Sheng Xie, Chun-Lian Ma, Wan-Jun Yu, Wen-Hui Tu, Bin Ju, Hai-Jun Huang, Yong-Xi Tong, Hong-Ying Pan. Multicenter analysis and a rapid screening model to predict early novel coronavirus pneumonia using a random forest algorithm. 2021;100:e26279
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000026279
  103. Marco Salinas, Diana Aguirre, Lucy Baldeón, Jorge Pérez-Galarza. Diagnostic evaluation of nCoV-QS, nCoV-QM-N, and nCoV-OM detection kits based on rRT-PCR for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Ecuador. Heliyon 2022;8:e11137
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11137
  104. Joonhong Park, So Yeon Kim, Jaehyeon Lee, Ki Ho Hong. Clinical Evaluation of BioFire COVID-19 Test, BioFire Respiratory Panel 2.1, and Cepheid Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 Assays for Sample-to-Answer Detection of SARS-CoV-2. Genes 2023;14:233
    https://doi.org/10.3390/genes14010233
  105. Marina Fišeković-Kremić, Snežana Stojanović-Ristić. SARS-Cov-2: Epidemiological characteristics, clinical characteristics, diagnosis and prevention: A review of current knowledge. Srpski medicinski časopis Lekarske komore 2021;2:16
    https://doi.org/10.5937/smclk2-30845
  106. Lilun Li, Timothy Shim, Philip E. Zapanta. Optimization of COVID-19 testing accuracy with nasal anatomy education. American Journal of Otolaryngology 2021;42:102777
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102777
  107. Sakifa Aktar, Md Martuza Ahamad, Md Rashed-Al-Mahfuz, AKM Azad, Shahadat Uddin, AHM Kamal, Salem A Alyami, Ping-I Lin, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Julian MW Quinn, Valsamma Eapen, Mohammad Ali Moni. Machine Learning Approach to Predicting COVID-19 Disease Severity Based on Clinical Blood Test Data: Statistical Analysis and Model Development. JMIR Med Inform 2021;9:e25884
    https://doi.org/10.2196/25884
  108. Prasenjit Mitra, Smriti Suri, Taru Goyal, Radhieka Misra, Kuldeep Singh, M. K. Garg, Sanjeev Misra, Praveen Sharma. Association of Comorbidities with Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Review. Annals of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India) 2020;56:102
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1714159
  109. Shiza Shahid, Amina Shahid. Fear of Corona and Depression in Graduate Students; Mediating Role of Stress and Anxiety.. j Res Psy 2022;3:72
    https://doi.org/10.31580/jrp.v3i2.2345
  110. Geehyuk Kim, Jun-Kyu Kang, Jungho Kim, Jiyoung Lee, Jin Gwack. Clinical epidemiological applicability of real-time polymerase chain reaction for COVID-19. PHRP 2022;13:252
    https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0135
  111. Iranildo do Amarante Fernandes, Isabela Madeira de Castro, Jhulya Zanfolin Andrade, Nathália Rebolho Turozi, Rafael da Silva Rosa, Victor Hugo Garcia de Oliveira, Suelen Navas Úbida, Rogéria Keller, Lizziane Kretli Winkelstroter, Valéria Cataneli Pereira. Main aspects and prophylatic measures of COVID-19 in Brazil. ABCS Health Sci. 2021;46
    https://doi.org/10.7322/abcshs.2021069.2004
  112. Tessy Joseph, Sabai Phyu, Su Yun Se-Thoe, Justin Jang Hann Chu. SARS-CoV-2. 2021.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-2111-0_24
  113. Jeongkuk Seo, Minkook Son. Update on association between exposure to renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors and coronavirus disease 2019 in South Korea. Korean J Intern Med 2021;36:S114
    https://doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2020.380
  114. Huriye Erbak Yılmaz, Evin Iscan, Ozden Oz, Tuğçe Batur, Aybike Erdoğan, Seval Kılıç, Zeynep Mutlu, Murat Yılmaz, Kevin J. Spring. Considerations for the selection of tests for SARS-CoV-2 molecular diagnostics. Mol Biol Rep 2022;49:9725
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-022-07455-5
  115. Ho-Jae Lim, Young-Hyun Baek, Min-Young Park, Jae-Hyun Yang, Min-Jin Kim, Nackmoon Sung, Yong-Hak Sohn, Sun-Hwa Lee, Jung-Eun Park, Yong-Jin Yang. Performance Analysis of Self-Collected Nasal and Oral Swabs for Detection of SARS-CoV-2. Diagnostics 2022;12:2279
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12102279
  116. Seri Jeong, Nuri Lee, Su Kyung Lee, Eun-Jung Cho, Jungwon Hyun, Min-Jeong Park, Wonkeun Song, Hyun Soo Kim. STANDARD M10 SARS-CoV-2 Assay for Rapid Detection of SARS-CoV-2: Comparison of Four Real-Time PCR Assays. Diagnostics 2022;12:1998
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12081998
  117. Tuangsit Wataganara, Pornpimol Ruangvutilert, Prasert Sunsaneevithayakul, Anuwat Sutantawibul, Monsak Chuchotirot, Buraya Phattanachindakun, Kusol Russameecharoen. Minimizing cross transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in obstetric ultrasound during COVID-19 pandemic. 2020;48:931
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2020-0228
  118. Byron Freire-Paspuel, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain. Analytical and Clinical Evaluation of “AccuPower SARS-CoV-2 Multiplex RT-PCR kit (Bioneer, South Korea)” and “Allplex 2019-nCoV Assay (Seegene, South Korea)” for SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR Diagnosis: Korean CDC EUA as a Quality Control Proxy for Developing Countries. Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol. 2021;11
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2021.630552
  119. Ki Ho Hong, Gab Jung Kim, Kyoung Ho Roh, Heungsup Sung, Jaehyeon Lee, So Yeon Kim, Taek Soo Kim, Jae-Sun Park, Hee Jae Huh, Younhee Park, Jae-Seok Kim, Hyun Soo Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Nam Hee Ryoo, Sang Hoon Song, Hyukmin Lee, Gye Cheol Kwon, Cheon Kwon Yoo. Update of Guidelines for Laboratory Diagnosis of COVID-19 in Korea. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:391
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.4.391
  120. Chin Shern Lau, Noor Ashraf Kamaludin, Tar Choon Aw. Laboratory practice in the face of Covid-19. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare 2021;30:170
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2010105820952486
  121. Idevaldo Floriano, Antônio Silvinato, Wanderley M. Bernardo, João C. Reis, Gabriel Soledade. Accuracy of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test in the diagnosis of acute respiratory syndrome due to coronavirus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. 2020;66:880
    https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.66.7.880
  122. . .
    https://doi.org/
  123. Cortés AY, Jiménez L Miguel A, Valenzuela J, Jaramillo BC, Ruíz MF, López Itzikowitz, Rodríguez Esau, Pedroza S. Crohn's disease discovered by colon adenocarcinoma. GHOA 2020;11:112
    https://doi.org/10.15406/ghoa.2020.11.00424
  124. Desh Deepak Singh, Ihn Han, Eun-Ha Choi, Dharmendra K. Yadav. Recent Advances in Pathophysiology, Drug Development and Future Perspectives of SARS-CoV-2. Front. Cell Dev. Biol. 2020;8
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2020.580202
  125. Gun-Hyuk Lee, Mikyoung Park, Mina Hur, Hanah Kim, Seungho Lee, Hee-Won Moon, Yeo-Min Yun. Utility of Presepsin and Interferon-λ3 for Predicting Disease Severity and Clinical Outcomes in COVID-19 Patients. Diagnostics 2023;13:2372
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13142372
  126. Alin Popescu, Stelian Pantea, Daniela Radu, Adrian Gluhovschi, Catalin Dumitru, George Dahma, Adelina Geanina Mocanu, Radu Neamtu, Sorin Dema, Codruta Victoria Tigmeanu, Mirela Loredana Grigoras, Silvius Alexandru Pescariu, Hazzaa Aabed, Marius Craina. The Impact of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic on Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy for Advanced Cervical Cancer at a Romanian Academic Center: A Four-Year Retrospective Analysis. Diagnostics 2022;12:1488
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12061488
  127. Shaun S. Tan, Sharon Saw, Ka Lip Chew, Chan Yiong Huak, Candy Khoo, Anastacia Pajarillaga, Weixuan Wang, Paul Tambyah, Lizhen Ong, Roland Jureen, Sunil K. Sethi. Head-to-head evaluation on diagnostic accuracies of six SARS-CoV-2 serological assays. Pathology 2020;52:770
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2020.09.007
  128. Ki Ho Hong, Gab Jung Kim, Kyoung Ho Roh, Hyukmin Lee, Ok Kyu Park, Taek Soo Kim, Jae-Seok Kim, Jaehyeon Lee, Moon-Woo Seong, So Yeon Kim, Jae-Sun Park, Younhee Park, Hee Jae Huh, Namhee Ryoo, Hyun Soo Kim, Heungsup Sung, Cheon Kwon Yoo. Guidelines for the Laboratory Diagnosis of Monkeypox in Korea. Ann Lab Med 2023;43:137
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2023.43.2.137
  129. Ye Ji, Jun Shao, Bilin Tao, Huan Song, Zhongqi Li, Jianming Wang. Are we ready to deal with a global COVID-19 pandemic? Rethinking countries’ capacity based on the Global Health Security Index. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2021;106:289
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2021.03.089
  130. Jae-Woo Ju, Taeyup Kim, Soo-Hyuk Yoon, Won Ho Kim, Ho-Jin Lee. The impact of preoperative coronavirus disease 19 infection on early postoperative mortality during the vaccination era: a nationwide retrospective cohort study. Korean J Anesthesiol 2024;77:185
    https://doi.org/10.4097/kja.23761
  131. Olumuyiwa Babalola Salu, Iorhen Ephraim Akase, Roosevelt Amaobichukwu Anyanwu, Mercy Remilekun Orenolu, Maryam Abiodun Abdullah, Temie Giwa-Tubosun, Sodiq Abiodun Oloko, Ayomide Michael Oshinjo, Aisha Ajoke Abiola, Kolawole Solomon Oyedeji, Sunday Aremu Omilabu, Martin Chtolongo Simuunza. Saliva sample for detection of SARS-CoV-2: A possible alternative for mass testing. PLoS ONE 2022;17:e0275201
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275201
  132. Soo-kyung Park, Chil-Woo Lee, Dong-Il Park, Hee-Yeon Woo, Hae Suk Cheong, Ho Cheol Shin, Kwangsung Ahn, Min-Jung Kwon, Eun-Jeong Joo. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Fecal Samples From Patients With Asymptomatic and Mild COVID-19 in Korea. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2021;19:1387
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2020.06.005
  133. Hyunkyum Kim, Jeongmin Oh, Sang-Gon Lee, Kwang-Seok Shim. The experience of infection prevention for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during general anesthesia in an epidemic of COVID-19: including unexpected exposure case - Two cases report - . Anesth Pain Med 2020;15:388
    https://doi.org/10.17085/apm.20044
  134. Tae Yeul Kim, Go Eun Bae, Ji-Youn Kim, Minhee Kang, Ja-Hyun Jang, Hee Jae Huh, Doo Ryeon Chung, Nam Yong Lee, Etsuro Ito. Evaluation of the Kaira COVID-19/Flu/RSV Detection Kit for detection of SARS-CoV-2, influenza A/B, and respiratory syncytial virus: A comparative study with the PowerChek SARS-CoV-2, influenza A&B, RSV Multiplex Real-time PCR Kit. PLoS ONE 2022;17:e0278530
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278530
  135. Joshua G. Kovoor, David R. Tivey, Penny Williamson, Lorwai Tan, Helena S. Kopunic, Wendy J. Babidge, Trevor G. Collinson, Peter J. Hewett, Thomas J. Hugh, Robert T. A. Padbury, Mark Frydenberg, Richard G. Douglas, Jen Kok, Guy J. Maddern. Screening and testing for COVID‐19 before surgery. ANZ Journal of Surgery 2020;90:1845
    https://doi.org/10.1111/ans.16260
  136. Jin Wook Lee, Eun Mi Song, Sung-Ae Jung, Sung Hoon Jung, Kwang Woo Kim, Seong-Joon Koh, Hyun Jung Lee, Seung Wook Hong, Jin Hwa Park, Sung Wook Hwang, Dong-Hoon Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang, Sang Hyoung Park. Clinical Course of COVID-19 in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Korea: a KASID Multicenter Study. J Korean Med Sci 2021;36
    https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e336
  137. Hikmet Can Çubukçu, Abdurrahman Coşkun. False negative results and tolerance limits of SARS-CoV-2 laboratory tests. Pathogens and Global Health 2021;115:137
    https://doi.org/10.1080/20477724.2021.1881370
  138. Kyoung Ho Roh, Yu Kyung Kim, Shin-Woo Kim, Eun-Rim Kang, Yong-Jin Yang, Sun-Kyung Jung, Sun-Hwa Lee, Nackmoon Sung, Bruno Pozzetto. Coinfections with Respiratory Pathogens among COVID-19 Patients in Korea. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology 2021;2021:1
    https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/6651045
  139. Zhaowei Zhang, Peng Ma, Rajib Ahmed, Jie Wang, Demir Akin, Fernando Soto, Bi‐Feng Liu, Peiwu Li, Utkan Demirci. Advanced Point‐of‐Care Testing Technologies for Human Acute Respiratory Virus Detection. Advanced Materials 2022;34
    https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202103646
  140. Sin Young Ham, Hyeonju Jeong, Jongtak Jung, Eu Suk Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Hong Bin Kim, Jeong Su Park, Kyoung-Ho Song. Performance of STANDARD™ M10 SARS-CoV-2 Assay for the Diagnosis of COVID-19 from a Nasopharyngeal Swab. Infect Chemother 2022;54:360
    https://doi.org/10.3947/ic.2022.0047
  141. Hee Jae Huh, Ki Ho Hong, Taek Soo Kim, Sang Hoon Song, Kyoung Ho Roh, Hyukmin Lee, Gye Cheol Kwon. Surveillance of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Testing in Clinical Laboratories in Korea. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:225
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.2.225
  142. Sojeong Yun, Ji Hyeong Ryu, Joo Hee Jang, Hyunjoo Bae, Seung-Hyo Yoo, Ae-Ran Choi, Sung Jin Jo, Jihyang Lim, Jehoon Lee, Hyejin Ryu, Sung-Yeon Cho, Dong-Gun Lee, Jongmin Lee, Seok Chan Kim, Yeon-Joon Park, Hyeyoung Lee, Eun-Jee Oh. Comparison of SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Responses and Seroconversion in COVID-19 Patients Using Twelve Commercial Immunoassays. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:577
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.6.577
  143. Xiaoxia Wen, Ping Leng, Jiasi Wang, Guishu Yang, Ruiling Zu, Xiaojiong Jia, Kaijiong Zhang, Birga Anteneh Mengesha, Jian Huang, Dongsheng Wang, Huaichao Luo. Clinlabomics: leveraging clinical laboratory data by data mining strategies. BMC Bioinformatics 2022;23
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12859-022-04926-1
  144. Wilson Samuel, Rafael Vasco Manganhel, Violeta Mainala, Nércia Eugénio Monjane. Papel Da Biossegurança Em Laboratórios De Análises Clínicas No Cenário Da Pandemia Do Novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2). Revista Científica Multidisciplinar Núcleo do Conhecimento 2021:108
    https://doi.org/10.32749/nucleodoconhecimento.com.br/saude/cenario-da-pandemia
  145. Hayoung Choi, Hyun Lee, Sun-Kyung Lee, Bumhee Yang, Sung Jun Chung, Yoomi Yeo, Tai Sun Park, Dong Won Park, Ji-Yong Moon, Tae-Hyung Kim, Jang Won Sohn, Ho Joo Yoon, Sang-Heon Kim. Impact of bronchiectasis on susceptibility to and severity of COVID-19: a nationwide cohort study. Ther Adv Respir Dis 2021;15:175346662199504
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1753466621995043
  146. Eun-Hyung Yoo, A-Jin Lee, Sang-Gyung Kim, Chang-Ho Jeon. Correlation between Clinical Severity and Cycle Threshold Values of Real-time RT-PCR at the Time of Admission in COVID-19 Patients. Lab Med Online 2023;13:364
    https://doi.org/10.47429/lmo.2023.13.4.364
  147. Marco Esteban Gudiño Gomezjurado, Alvaro Francisco Gudiño Gomezjurado. Diagnostic tests for Coronavirus Disease 2019. What happens behind the assays?. RB 2020;5:1166
    https://doi.org/10.21931/RB/2020.05.02.16
  148. Hyun Jung Kim. Novel respiratory infectious diseases in Korea. Yeungnam Univ J Med 2020;37:286
    https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2020.00633
  149. Saloni Malik, Manisha Naithani, Anissa Atif Mirza, Anshuman Darbari, Rahul Saxena. Possible Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Complications and Troponin Elevation in Coronavirus Disease. 2021;5:65
    https://doi.org/10.4103/hm.hm_16_21
  150. Mohammed Al-Beltagi, Nermin Kamal Saeed, Adel Salah Bediwy, Yasser El-Sawaf. Paediatric gastrointestinal disorders in SARS-CoV-2 infection: Epidemiological and clinical implications. WJG 2021;27:1716
    https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v27.i16.1716
  151. Xiaoxu Jiang, Bo Zhao, Eun Woo Nam, Fanlei Kong. Assessing Knowledge, Preventive Practices, and Depression Among Chinese International Students and Local Korean Students in South Korea During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Cross-Sectional Study. Front. Psychiatry 2022;13
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.920887
  152. Dongsub Jeon, Minkook Son, Jonggi Choi. Impact of liver cirrhosis on the clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19: a nationwide cohort study of Korea. Korean J Intern Med 2021;36:1092
    https://doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2020.486
  153. Arpana Parihar, Nidhi Puranik, Dipesh Singh Parihar, Pushpesh Ranjan, Raju Khan. Advanced Biosensors for Virus Detection. 2021.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824494-4.00016-3
  154. Jaehyeon Lee, So Yeon Kim, Hee Jae Huh, Namsu Kim, Heungsup Sung, Hyukmin Lee, Kyoung Ho Roh, Taek Soo Kim, Ki Ho Hong. Clinical Performance of the Standard Q COVID-19 Rapid Antigen Test and Simulation of its Real-World Application in Korea. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:588
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.6.588
  155. Antonia Mourtzikou, Marilena Stamouli, Elpida Toka, Panagiotis Koumpouros, Georgia Kalliora, Christina Seitopoulou, Maria Kimouli. Seasonal Respiratory Virus Circulation in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Greece. EJBIOMED 2023;2:6
    https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbiomed.2023.2.3.65
  156. Younhee Park, Ki Ho Hong, Su-Kyung Lee, Jungwon Hyun, Eun-Jee Oh, Jaehyeon Lee, Hyukmin Lee, Sang Hoon Song, Seung-Jung Kee, Gye Cheol Kwon, Su Hwan Kim, Hyeon-Nam Do, Ah-Ra Kim, June-Woo Lee, Sung Soon Kim, Hyun Soo Kim. Performance Comparison of Five SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Assays for Seroprevalence Studies. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:71
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.1.71
  157. Marcus J. C. Long, Yimon Aye. Science's Response to CoVID‐19. ChemMedChem 2021;16:2288
    https://doi.org/10.1002/cmdc.202100079
  158. Jacques L. Tamuzi, Birhanu T. Ayele, Constance S. Shumba, Olatunji O. Adetokunboh, Jeannine Uwimana-Nicol, Zelalem T. Haile, Joseph Inugu, Peter S. Nyasulu. Implications of COVID-19 in high burden countries for HIV/TB: A systematic review of evidence. BMC Infect Dis 2020;20
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05450-4
  159. Huifang Liu, Thuy Nguyen Thi Dao, Bonhan Koo, Yoon Ok Jang, Yong Shin. Trends and challenges of nanotechnology in self-test at home. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 2021;144:116438
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2021.116438
  160. Gerald J. Kost. Geospatial Hotspots Need Point-of-Care Strategies to Stop Highly Infectious Outbreaks. 2020;144:1166
    https://doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2020-0172-RA
  161. Gi Seon Song, You-Rim Lee, Sungmin Kim, Wontae Kim, Jungwon Choi, Dahyeon Yoo, Jungyoung Yoo, Kyung-Tae Jang, Jaewang Lee, Jin Hyun Jun. Laboratory Diagnosis of Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) in Korea: Current Status, Limitation, and Challenges. Korean J Clin Lab Sci. 2020;52:284
    https://doi.org/10.15324/kjcls.2020.52.3.284
  162. Minkook Son, Jeongkuk Seo, Sung Yang. Association Between Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Inhibitors and COVID-19 Infection in South Korea. Hypertension 2020;76:742
    https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.15464
  163. Flora Marzia Liotti, Giulia Menchinelli, Simona Marchetti, Grazia Angela Morandotti, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Brunella Posteraro, Paola Cattani. Evaluation of three commercial assays for SARS-CoV-2 molecular detection in upper respiratory tract samples. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021;40:269
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10096-020-04025-0
  164. Md. Mominur Rahman, Muniruddin Ahmed, Mohammad Touhidul Islam, Md. Robin Khan, Sharifa Sultana, Saila Kabir Maeesa, Sakib Hasan, Md. Abid Hossain, Kazi Sayma Ferdous, Bijo Mathew, Abdur Rauf, Md. Sahab Uddin. Nanotechnology-based Approaches and Investigational Therapeutics against COVID-19. CPD 2022;28:948
    https://doi.org/10.2174/1381612827666210701150315
  165. Hao Zhang, Wei Li, Hanzhong Zhang, Fazlullah Khan. An Image Recognition Framework for Oral Cancer Cells. Journal of Healthcare Engineering 2021;2021:1
    https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/2449128
  166. Michael L. Boisen, Rohesh J. Fernando, Lavinia Kolarczyk, Emily Teeter, Travis Schisler, Luca La Colla, Vladyslav Melnyk, Constantin Robles, Vidya K. Rao, Theresa A. Gelzinis. The Year in Thoracic Anesthesia: Selected Highlights From 2020. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 2021;35:2855
    https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2021.04.012
  167. Jeeyeon Lee, Jin Hyang Jung, Wan Wook Kim, Chan Sub Park, Ho Yong Park. Patterns of Delaying Surgery for Breast Cancer During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Daegu, South Korea. Front. Surg. 2020;7
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2020.576196
  168. Sungwook Park, Hojun Kim, Kyungmin Woo, Jeong-Min Kim, Hye-Jun Jo, Youngdo Jeong, Kwan Hyi Lee. SARS-CoV-2 Variant Screening Using a Virus-Receptor-Based Electrical Biosensor. Nano Lett. 2022;22:50
    https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c03108
  169. X. An, L. Xiao, X. Yang, X. Tang, F. Lai, Xiao-Hua Liang. Economic burden of public health care and hospitalisation associated with COVID-19 in China. Public Health 2022;203:65
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2021.12.001
  170. Lorenzo Azzi, Giulio Carcano, Francesco Gianfagna, Paolo Grossi, Daniela Dalla Gasperina, Angelo Genoni, Mauro Fasano, Fausto Sessa, Lucia Tettamanti, Francesco Carinci, Vittorio Maurino, Agostino Rossi, Angelo Tagliabue, Andreina Baj. Saliva is a reliable tool to detect SARS-CoV-2. Journal of Infection 2020;81:e45
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.005
  171. Seungil Yum. Social Networks of COVID-19 in South Korea. Journal of Asian and African Studies 2023:002190962311531
    https://doi.org/10.1177/00219096231153152
  172. Gustavo Aroca, María Vélez-Verbel, Andrés Cadena, Lil Geraldine Avendaño, Sandra Hernández, Angélica Sierra, Omar Cabarcas, Santos Ángel Depine. COVID-19 en pacientes en hemodiálisis en Colombia: reporte de siete casos. biomedica 2020;40:50
    https://doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.5743
  173. Hyung-Doo Park. Current Status of Clinical Application of Point-of-Care Testing. 2021;145:168
    https://doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2020-0112-RA
  174. Maria Soledad Pizarro-Sánchez, Alejandro Avello, Sebastian Mas-Fontao, Teresa Stock da Cunha, Elena Goma-Garcés, Mónica Pereira, Alberto Ortíz, Emilio González-Parra. Clinical Features of Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Hemodialysis Patients. Kidney Blood Press Res 2021;46:126
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000512535
  175. Il-Hwan Kim, Byung-Hak Kang, Seung Hee Seo, Ye Eun Park, Gab Jung Kim, Sang Won Lee, Jun Hyeong Jang, Su Kyoung Jo, Jun Ho Jeon, Jeong-Min Kim, Yoon-Seok Chung, Myung-Guk Han, Sang-Oun Jung, Junyoung Kim, Kyu-Jam Hwang, Cheon-Kwon Yoo, Gi-eun Rhie. Early Laboratory Preparedness of the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency and Response to Unknown Pneumonia Outbreak from Wuhan, China, in January 2020. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:532
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.6.532
  176. M. Zizzo, R. Bollino, V. Annessi. Détection pré et postopératoire de l’infection virale en cas de chirurgie carcinologique ne pouvant être retardée, pendant la pandémie de COVID-19. Journal de Chirurgie Viscérale 2020;157:S68
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchirv.2020.04.010
  177. Yaona Jiang, Yaqing Li, Dong Yuan, Guanghua Hou. The clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in mild and ordinary female patients. Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases 2020;25:56
    https://doi.org/10.17816/EID43887
  178. Ebtessam Hamed Nada, Amani Mohamed El-Gharib, Mahmoud Mandour. Common and uncommon audio-vestibular findings in COVID-19 patients. Egypt J Otolaryngol 2022;38
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s43163-022-00308-9
  179. Heungsup Sung, Cheon-Kwon Yoo, Myung-Guk Han, Sang-Won Lee, Hyukmin Lee, Sail Chun, Wee Gyo Lee, Won-Ki Min. Preparedness and Rapid Implementation of External Quality Assessment Helped Quickly Increase COVID-19 Testing Capacity in the Republic of Korea. 2020;66:979
    https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/hvaa097
  180. Wang Deng, Tian-wen Guang, Mei Yang, Jian-rong Li, De-peng Jiang, Chang-yi Li, Dao-xin Wang. Positive results for patients with COVID-19 discharged form hospital in Chongqing, China. BMC Infect Dis 2020;20
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05151-y
  181. Hayne Cho Park, Do Hyoung Kim, Ajin Cho, Juhee Kim, Kyu-sang Yun, Jinseog Kim, Young-Ki Lee. Clinical outcomes of initially asymptomatic patients with COVID-19: a Korean nationwide cohort study. Annals of Medicine 2021;53:357
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2021.1884744
  182. Young Jin Kim, Heungsup Sung, Chang-Seok Ki, Mina Hur. Response of Clinical Laboratories to the Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:519
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.6.519
  183. Marcin F. Osuchowski, Federico Aletti, Jean-Marc Cavaillon, Stefanie B. Flohé, Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Markus Huber-Lang, Borna Relja, Tomasz Skirecki, Andrea Szabó, Marc Maegele. SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19: Evolving Reality, Global Response, Knowledge Gaps, and Opportunities. 2020;54:416
    https://doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0000000000001565
  184. Wooyoung Hong, Yu-Kyung Park, Bong-Ok Kim, Sung Kyu Park, Jiin Shin, Soon-Pyo Jang, Hea-Woon Park, Wonjong Yang, Joonyoung Jang, Soon-Woo Jang, Tae-Ho Hwang, Giordano Madeddu. Use of combined treatment of 3rd-generation cephalosporin, azithromycin and antiviral agents on moderate SARs-CoV-2 patients in South Korea: A retrospective cohort study. PLoS ONE 2022;17:e0267645
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0267645
  185. Hyun Lee, Hayoung Choi, Sun-Kyung Lee, Tai Sun Park, Dong Won Park, Ji-Yong Moon, Tae-Hyung Kim, Jang Won Sohn, Ho Joo Yoon, Sang-Heon Kim. Predicting Factors of Severe COVID-19 in Patients With Asthma: A Korean National Cohort Study. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res 2021;13:939
    https://doi.org/10.4168/aair.2021.13.6.939
  186. Christopher Kandel, Jennifer Zheng, Janine McCready, Mihaela Serbanescu, Hilary Racher, Melissa Desaulnier, Jeff Powis, Kyle Vojdani, Laura Finlay, Elena Sheldrake, Christie Vermeiren, Kevin Katz, Allison McGeer, Robert Kozak, Lee Goneau. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 from Saliva as Compared to Nasopharyngeal Swabs in Outpatients. Viruses 2020;12:1314
    https://doi.org/10.3390/v12111314
  187. Nergiz Bayrakci, Gulsum Ozkan, Levent Cem Mutlu, lknur Erdem, Ilker Yildirim, Dumrul Gulen, Aliye Celikkol. Relationship between serum soluble endothelial protein C receptor level and COVID-19 findings. 2021;32:550
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0000000000001070
  188. S. Saadatjoo, M. Miri, S. Hassanipour, H. Ameri, M. Arab-Zozani. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the general population about Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis with policy recommendations. Public Health 2021;194:185
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2021.03.005
  189. Kshitij Upadhyay, Samir Bajpai. Challenges and solutions in COVID-19 related pandemic solid waste management (PSWM) - A detailed analysis with special focus on plastic waste. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 2022;1032:012029
    https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1032/1/012029
  190. S.A. Azer. COVID-19: pathophysiology, diagnosis, complications and investigational therapeutics. New Microbes and New Infections 2020;37:100738
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100738
  191. José R. Jarabo, Néstor Martínez, Alberto Cabañero, Sergi Call, José L. Campo-Cañaveral, Ángel Cilleruelo, Usue Caballero, Andrés Obeso, José L. Recuero, Sebastián Sevilla, Florentino Hernando. Recommendations for acting in elective and urgent thoracic surgery during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Spanish Society of Thoracic Surgery. Cirugía Española (English Edition) 2020;98:574
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cireng.2020.08.001
  192. Moon Seong Baek, Min-Taek Lee, Won-Young Kim, Jae Chol Choi, Sun-Young Jung, Stanislaw Stepkowski. COVID-19-related outcomes in immunocompromised patients: A nationwide study in Korea. PLoS ONE 2021;16:e0257641
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0257641
  193. Yun Su Kim, Ung Rae Kang, Young Hwan Kim. The Spectrum of CT Findings of COVID-19 Pneumonia: Acute Alveolar Insult and Organizing Pneumonia as Different Phases of Lung Injury and Repair. J Korean Soc Radiol 2021;82:359
    https://doi.org/10.3348/jksr.2020.0142
  194. Dong‐hyun Lee, Eunhee Han, Soorack Ryu, Hyuk joong Choi, Jieun Kim, Jinyeong Kim, Mi Hyun Bae. Clinical performance of the STANDARD M10 SARS‐CoV‐2 rapid RT‐PCR assay in patients visiting an emergency department. Journal of Medical Virology 2023;95
    https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.29330
  195. Eduardo Mucito-Varela. Calidad del informe de resultados de la detección molecular de SARS-CoV-2: necesidad de estandarización. 2021;26:3
    https://doi.org/10.35366/99123
  196. Yang An, Zhuang Ma, Xiaozhong Guo, Yufu Tang, Hao Meng, Hao Yu, Chengfei Peng, Guiyang Chu, Xinwei Wang, Yue Teng, Quanyu Zhang, Tianyi Zhu, Bing Wang, Zhenhua Tong, Haitao Zhao, Hui Lu, Xingshun Qi. Comparison of liver biochemical abnormality between COVID-19 patients with liver cirrhosis versus COVID-19 alone and liver cirrhosis alone. 2021;100:e25497
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000025497
  197. Arash Abdi, Mehri Kadkhodaee, Behjat Seifi, Farzaneh Kianian, Keivan Lorian, Sedigheh Shams, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Ghorbangol Ashabi, Mina Ranjbaran. Point-of-care salivary oxidative and renal functional markers to assess kidney function in reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury in male rats. 2023;44:277
    https://doi.org/10.1515/hmbci-2022-0077
  198. Ahamed Basha Abdul Bari, Prince Johnson Samuel. Road toward universal COVID-19 testing method – A review. Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry 2021;42:335
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15321819.2021.1895214
  199. Shiva Akhtarian, Saba Miri, Ali Doostmohammadi, Satinder Kaur Brar, Pouya Rezai. Nanopore sensors for viral particle quantification: current progress and future prospects. Bioengineered 2021;12:9189
    https://doi.org/10.1080/21655979.2021.1995991
  200. Divya Namdeo, Anirudh K. Singh, Adarsh Meher, Ashvini Kumar Yadav, Debasis Biswas. Advanced Biosensors for Virus Detection. 2021.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824494-4.00001-1
  201. Oh Joo Kweon, Yong Kwan Lim, Hye Ryoun Kim, Yoojeong Choi, Min-Chul Kim, Seong-Ho Choi, Jin-Won Chung, Mi-Kyung Lee, Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi. Evaluation of rapid SARS-CoV-2 antigen tests, AFIAS COVID-19 Ag and ichroma COVID-19 Ag, with serial nasopharyngeal specimens from COVID-19 patients. PLoS ONE 2021;16:e0249972
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249972
  202. Vishal R. Dave, Drashty Bavarva, Parthprince K. Patel, Akta Vasani. CHARACTERIZATION AND ANALYSIS OF PATIENT UNDER GOING COVID 19 RTPCR AT TERTIARY CARE CENTER. PIJR 2022:17
    https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/8900603
  203. Moonkyong Hwang, Jong-Myon Bae. Sources of Infection Among Confirmed Cases of COVID-19 in Jeju Province, Korea. J Prev Med Public Health 2021;54:245
    https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.21.286
  204. Oday Taher Mohammed Al‐Hashimi, Waleed Ibraheem Ali AL‐Ansari, Safia Abdullkareem Abbas, Dalal Saad Jumaa, Shams Ahmed Hammad, Faten Abdulghani Hammoudi, Ali Abdulmajid dyab Allawi. The sensitivity and specificity of COVID‐19 rapid anti‐gene test in comparison to RT‐PCR test as a gold standard test. Clinical Laboratory Analysis 2023;37
    https://doi.org/10.1002/jcla.24844
  205. Tze Ping Loh, Andrea Rita Horvath, Cheng-Bin Wang, David Koch, Giuseppe Lippi, Nicasio Mancini, Maurizio Ferrari, Robert Hawkins, Sunil Sethi, Khosrow Adeli. Laboratory practices to mitigate biohazard risks during the COVID-19 outbreak: an IFCC global survey. 2020;58:1433
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2020-0711
  206. Sang Hyuk Park, Hyun-Ki Kim, Hang Kang, Jung Heon Kim, Jaeseung Lee, Ji-Hun Lim, Seon-Ho Lee, Joseph Jeong. Incidence Evaluation of SARS-CoV-2 Variants in the Ulsan Area, Korea, Using PowerChek SARS-CoV-2 S-gene Mutation Detection Kit: A Pilot Study. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:363
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.3.363
  207. Seung Hwan Shin, Eonjoo Park, Sookhyun Kim, Minji Jang, Subin Park, Dong-Hwi Kim, Tae Jong Son, Ji-Hyuk Park. COVID-19 outbreak and risk factors for infection in a taekwondo gym in the Republic of Korea. PHRP 2022;13:162
    https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0295
  208. Sarita Choudhary, Karli Sreenivasulu, Prasenjit Mitra, Sanjeev Misra, Praveen Sharma. Role of Genetic Variants and Gene Expression in the Susceptibility and Severity of COVID-19. Ann Lab Med 2021;41:129
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.2.129
  209. Marlies Heudobler, Hansjörg Baurecht, Helen Schmied, Daniel Heudobler, Carmen Jochem, Anja M Sedlmeier, Andrea Weber, Stilla Bauernfeind, Michael Leitzmann, Bernd Salzberger, Benedikt M J Lampl. Association of epidemiological and clinical features with PCR cycle threshold values of SARS-CoV-2 infection: a cross-sectional study. Pathogens and Global Health 2023;117:476
    https://doi.org/10.1080/20477724.2022.2158003
  210. Hwan Tae Lee, Jeong-Yeal Ahn, Ja Young Seo, Yiel-Hea Seo, Pil-Whan Park, Kyung-Hee Kim, Jaehyung You, Wookwan Park, Woo Jin Kim, Young Ho Yoon, Gwiyoung Oh, Daewon Kim. Experience of Approval of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices in Korea and Europe and Clinical Performance Study. Lab Med Online 2024;14:118
    https://doi.org/10.47429/lmo.2024.14.2.118
  211. Song Wang, Rui-Chen Gao, Rui Li, Guo-Cui Wu. Psychological Status and Correlated Factors of Primary Medical Staff During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Hefei City, China. JMDH 2021;Volume 14:751
    https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S289336
  212. Francesco Carinci, Giulia Moreo, Luisa Limongelli, Tiziano Testori, Dorina Lauritano. Diagnostic Performance of Serological Assays in the Detection of SARS-CoV-2: A Review. Applied Sciences 2020;10:4506
    https://doi.org/10.3390/app10134506
  213. Sebastian Meller, Maryam Sultan Ali Al Khatri, Hamad Khatir Alhammadi, Guadalupe Álvarez, Guillaume Alvergnat, Lêucio Câmara Alves, Chris Callewaert, Charles G. B. Caraguel, Paula Carancci, Anne-Lise Chaber, Marios Charalambous, Loïc Desquilbet, Hans Ebbers, Janek Ebbers, Dominique Grandjean, Claire Guest, Hugues Guyot, Anna Hielm-Björkman, Amy Hopkins, Lothar Kreienbrock, James G. Logan, Hector Lorenzo, Rita de Cassia Carvalho Maia, Juan M. Mancilla-Tapia, Fernando O. Mardones, Leon Mutesa, Sabin Nsanzimana, Cynthia M. Otto, Marília Salgado-Caxito, Florencia de los Santos, Jeine Emanuele Santos da Silva, Esther Schalke, Clara Schoneberg, Anísio Francisco Soares, Friederike Twele, Victor Manuel Vidal-Martínez, Ariel Zapata, Natalia Zimin-Veselkoff, Holger A. Volk. Expert considerations and consensus for using dogs to detect human SARS-CoV-2-infections. Front. Med. 2022;9
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.1015620
  214. Avinash Premraj, Abi George Aleyas, Binita Nautiyal, Thaha J Rasool. Nucleic Acid and Immunological Diagnostics for SARS-CoV-2: Processes, Platforms and Pitfalls. Diagnostics 2020;10:866
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10110866
  215. Ali Afzal, Sara Shahzaman, Arwa Azam, Usman Ghani, Muhammad Babar Khawar, Nimra Afzal, Muhammad Idnan, Ume Habiba, Muhammad Abu Talha Safdar Hashmi, Syeda Eisha Hamid, Rimsha Naseem. Hypoalbuminemia in COVID-19: Molecular and Mechanistic Approach. Albus Scientia 2023;2023:1
    https://doi.org/10.56512/AS.2023.1.e230606
  216. K. Vanathy, Raji Ramachandran Pillai, Malarvizhi Ramalingam, Agiesh Kumar Balakrishna Pillai, G. Ezhumalai, Joshy Maducolil Easow. Analyzing Breakthrough Infections in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Retrospective Study Utilizing RAT-Based Screening. J. Pure Appl. Microbiol. 2024;18:460
    https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.18.1.29
  217. Gayathri Chellasamy, Shiva Kumar Arumugasamy, Saravanan Govindaraju, Kyusik Yun. Analytical insights of COVID-19 pandemic. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 2020;133:116072
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2020.116072
  218. Oh Joo Kweon, Joo Hee Lee, Yang-Seon Choi, Boo-Seop Kim, Yong Kwan Lim, Mi-Kyung Lee, Joung Ha Park, Ji Young Park, Seong Hwan Kim. Positivity of Rapid Antigen Testing for SARS-CoV-2 With Serial Followed-up Nasopharyngeal Swabs in Hospitalized Patients due to COVID-19. J Korean Med Sci 2022;37
    https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2022.37.e168
  219. So Young Kim, Dae Myoung Yoo, Ji Hee Kim, Mi Jung Kwon, Joo-Hee Kim, Juyong Chung, Hyo Geun Choi. Changes in Otorhinolaryngologic Disease Incidences before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea. IJERPH 2022;19:13083
    https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013083
  220. Ji-Hyuk Park, Joon Ho Jang, Kwan Lee, Seok-Ju Yoo, Hyojung Shin. COVID-19 Outbreak and Presymptomatic Transmission in Pilgrim Travelers Who Returned to Korea from Israel. J Korean Med Sci 2020;35
    https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e424
  221. Jaeseok Park, Yong-Shik Kwon, Hyun-Ah Kim, Doo-Hyuk Kwon, Jihye Hwang, Seong-Hwa Jang, Hyungjong Park, Sung-Il Sohn, Huimahn Alex Choi, Jeong-Ho Hong. Clinical Implications of Neurological Comorbidities and Complications in ICU Patients with COVID-19. JCM 2021;10:2281
    https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112281
  222. LV González-Ramírez, A Téllez-Duarte. COVID-19 en ortopedia. 2020;34:153
    https://doi.org/10.35366/97067
  223. Yelin Kim, Inae Yu, Ohmee Kweon, Jun Yong Choi, Dongeun Yong, Eun Suk Park. Respiratory Specimen Collection Booth for COVID-19 Test: Efficiency Based Newly Introduced Facility. J Korean Med Sci 2020;35
    https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e432
  224. Dailun Hu, Tao Wang, Jasim Uddin, Wayne K. Greene, Dakang Hu, Bin Ma. Development of a high-sensitivity and short-duration fluorescence in situ hybridization method for viral mRNA detection in HEK 293T cells. Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol. 2022;12
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2022.960938
  225. Hyunju Lee, Heeyoung Lee, Kyoung-Ho Song, Eu Suk Kim, Jeong Su Park, Jongtak Jung, Soyeon Ahn, Eun Kyeong Jeong, Hyekyung Park, Hong Bin Kim. Impact of Public Health Interventions on Seasonal Influenza Activity During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Korea. 2021;73:e132
    https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa672
  226. Whanhee Lee, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjin Park, Seunghee Jun, Nackmoon Sung, Sun-Hwa Lee, Misun Chang, Hee Jung Choi, Chung-Jong Kim, Hyesook Park, Eunhee Ha. A Proactive Testing Strategy to COVID-19 for Reopening University Campus during Omicron Wave in Korea: Ewha Safe Campus (ESC) Project. Ewha Med J 2023;46
    https://doi.org/10.12771/emj.2023.e7
  227. Seungjun Lee, Kristin Widyasari, Hye-Ryun Yang, Jieun Jang, Taejoon Kang, Sunjoo Kim. Evaluation of the Diagnostic Accuracy of Nasal Cavity and Nasopharyngeal Swab Specimens for SARS-CoV-2 Detection via Rapid Antigen Test According to Specimen Collection Timing and Viral Load. Diagnostics 2022;12:710
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics12030710
  228. Wafa Naeem, Habiba Zeb, Muhammad Ibrahim Rashid. Laboratory biosafety measures of SARS-CoV-2 at containment level 2 with particular reference to its more infective variants. Biosafety and Health 2022;4:11
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bsheal.2021.12.005
  229. Minkook Son, Myung-giun Noh, Jeong Hoon Lee, Jeongkuk Seo, Hansoo Park, Sung Yang. Effect of aspirin on coronavirus disease 2019. 2021;100:e26670
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000026670
  230. Erica Diani, Davide Silvagni, Virginia Lotti, Anna Lagni, Laura Baggio, Nicoletta Medaina, Paolo Biban, Davide Gibellini. Evaluation of saliva and nasopharyngeal swab sampling for genomic detection of SARS-CoV-2 in children accessing a pediatric emergency department during the second pandemic wave. Front. Microbiol. 2023;14
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2023.1163438
  231. So Yeon Kim, Jaehyeon Lee, Heungsup Sung, Hyukmin Lee, Myung Guk Han, Cheon Kwon Yoo, Sang Won Lee, Ki Ho Hong. Pooling Upper Respiratory Specimens for Rapid Mass Screening of COVID-19 by Real-Time RT-PCR. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2020;26:2469
    https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2610.201955
  232. Elijah Kolawole Oladipo, Ayodeji Folorunsho Ajayi, Aduragbemi Noah Odeyemi, Olawumi Elizabeth Akindiya, Emmanuel Tayo Adebayo, Ayomide Samuel Oguntomi, Moyosoluwa Precious Oyewole, Esther Moradeyo Jimah, Abayomi Adio Oladipo, Olumuyiwa Elijah Ariyo, Bukola Bisola Oladipo, Julius Kola Oloke. Laboratory diagnosis of COVID-19 in Africa: availability, challenges and implications. DD&T 2020;14:153
    https://doi.org/10.5582/ddt.2020.03067
  233. Jun Sung Park, Young-Hoon Byun, Seung Jun Choi, Jong Seung Lee, Jeong-Min Ryu, Jeong-Yong Lee. Decreased Incidence of Pediatric Intussusception during COVID-19. Children 2021;8:1072
    https://doi.org/10.3390/children8111072
  234. Nasar Alwahaibi, Muna Al Maskari, Samiya Al-Jaaidi, Buthaina Al Dhahli, Halima Al Issaei, Shadia Al Bahlani. COVID-19 in the Arab countries: Three-year review. F1000Res 2024;12:1448
    https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.142541.2
  235. Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Mir Reza Valiollahzadeh, Behroz Mahdavi Poor, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Vahid Asgharzadeh, Ali Vegari, Mahya Pourostadi, Zohreh Sanaat, Jalil Rashedi. Laboratory Diagnosis of COVID-19. 2020;27:148
    https://doi.org/10.1097/CPM.0000000000000374
  236. Nitika Thakur, Rachit Sood. Detection and Analysis of SARS Coronavirus. 2020.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527832521.ch1
  237. Ho Hyun Song, Jong Cheul Choi, Ran Lee, Sook Kyung Yoon, Hye Jeong Park, Young Hee Shin, Jeong Won Shin, Jieun Kim. Quality and composition of archived nucleic acids after use in SARS-CoV-2 molecular testing. Clinica Chimica Acta 2024;554:117755
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2023.117755
  238. Liang-Ching Chen, Kuei-Hu Chang, Hsiang-Yu Chung. A Novel Statistic-Based Corpus Machine Processing Approach to Refine a Big Textual Data: An ESP Case of COVID-19 News Reports. Applied Sciences 2020;10:5505
    https://doi.org/10.3390/app10165505
  239. Kyu-Hwa Hur, Kuenyoul Park, Youngkuen Lim, Yun Sil Jeong, Heungsup Sung, Mi-Na Kim. Evaluation of Four Commercial Kits for SARS-CoV-2 Real-Time Reverse-Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction Approved by Emergency-Use-Authorization in Korea. Front. Med. 2020;7
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.00521
  240. Santosh Renuse, Patrick M. Vanderboom, Anthony D. Maus, Jennifer V. Kemp, Kari M. Gurtner, Anil K. Madugundu, Sandip Chavan, Jane A. Peterson, Benjamin J. Madden, Kiran K. Mangalaparthi, Dong-Gi Mun, Smrita Singh, Benjamin R. Kipp, Surendra Dasari, Ravinder J. Singh, Stefan K. Grebe, Akhilesh Pandey. A mass spectrometry-based targeted assay for detection of SARS-CoV-2 antigen from clinical specimens. eBioMedicine 2021;69:103465
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2021.103465
  241. Jeehyun Kim, Kwan Hong, Raquel Elizabeth Gómez Gómez, Soojin Kim, Byung Chul Chun. Lack of Evidence of COVID-19 Being a Risk Factor of Alopecia Areata: Results of a National Cohort Study in South Korea. Front. Med. 2021;8
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.758069
  242. Gawon Choi, Na-young Kim, Seon-young Lee, Hae Deun Noh, Heeyoung Lee. An Experience of the Early Stage of COVID-19 Outbreak in Nursing Homes in Gyeonggi Province, Korea. Korean J Clin Geri 2022;23:27
    https://doi.org/10.15656/kjcg.2022.23.1.27
  243. Chenxi Li, Chengxue Zhao, Jingfeng Bao, Bo Tang, Yunfeng Wang, Bing Gu. Laboratory diagnosis of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Clinica Chimica Acta 2020;510:35
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2020.06.045
  244. Nader Saki, Peyman Zamani, Arash Bayat, Soheila Nikakhlagh, Nahid Moghateli, Shokrollah Salmanzadeh. Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Vocal Characteristics in Patients with the New Coronavirus Disease 2019. Folia Phoniatr Logop 2022;74:230
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000518341
  245. Bradley C. Clark, Joan Sanchez‐de-Toledo, Carles Bautista‐Rodriguez, Nadine Choueiter, Diego Lara, Hechaan Kang, Shazia Mohsin, Alain Fraisse, Sergi Cesar, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Maria C. Escobar‐Diaz, Daphne T. Hsu, Paula C. Randanne, Nadeem Aslam, Jake Kleinmahon, Jacqueline M. Lamour, Jonathan N. Johnson, Georgia Sarquella‐Brugada, Devyani Chowdhury. Cardiac Abnormalities Seen in Pediatric Patients During the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Pandemic: An International Experience. JAHA 2020;9
    https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.018007
  246. Nasar Alwahaibi, Muna Al Maskari, Samiya Al-Jaaidi, Buthaina Al Dhahli, Halima Al Issaei, Shadia Al Bahlani. COVID-19 in the Arab countries: Three-year review. F1000Res 2023;12:1448
    https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.142541.1
  247. Christopher K C Lai, Wilson Lam. Laboratory testing for the diagnosis of COVID-19. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2021;538:226
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.10.069
  248. Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Amir, Abrar Hussain, Niaz M. Achakzai, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Mahmood Rasool. Role of tyrosine kinase inhibitor in chronic myeloid leukemia patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: A narrative Review. 2022;101:e29660
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000029660
  249. Sayak Roy Chowdhury, Monidipa Ghosh. Next-Generation Nanobiosensor Devices for Point-Of-Care Diagnostics. 2022.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7130-3_6
  250. Chanhee Kim, Geon Kang, Sun Gu Kang, Heeyoung Lee. COVID-19 outbreak response at a nursing hospital in South Korea in the post-vaccination era, including an estimation of the effectiveness of the first shot of the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine (ChAdOx1-S). PHRP 2022;13:114
    https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0262
  251. Hee-Sung Kim, Minseok Kang, Gilwon Kang. Renin-angiotensin system modulators and other risk factors in COVID-19 patients with hypertension: a Korean perspective. BMC Infect Dis 2021;21
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-021-05848-8
  252. José R. Jarabo, Néstor Martínez, Alberto Cabañero, Sergi Call, José L. Campo-Cañaveral, Ángel Cilleruelo, Usue Caballero, Andrés Obeso, José L. Recuero, Sebastián Sevilla, Florentino Hernando. Recomendaciones de actuación en cirugía torácica electiva y urgente en contexto de pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Torácica (SECT). Cirugía Española 2020;98:574
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.08.005
  253. Paul Zikas, Steve Kateros, Nick Lydatakis, Mike Kentros, Efstratios Geronikolakis, Manos Kamarianakis, Giannis Evangelou, Ioanna Kartsonaki, Achilles Apostolou, Tanja Birrenbach, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Thomas C. Sauter, George Papapagiannakis. Virtual Reality Medical Training for COVID-19 Swab Testing and Proper Handling of Personal Protective Equipment: Development and Usability. Front. Virtual Real. 2022;2
    https://doi.org/10.3389/frvir.2021.740197
  254. Andreas Pabst, Alexander–N. Zeller, Robert Sader, Jörg-Ulf Wiegner, Matthias Schneider, Michael Ehrenfeld, Jürgen Hoffmann. The influence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on oral and maxillofacial surgery: a nationwide survey among 54 hospitals and 240 private practices in Germany. Clin Oral Invest 2021;25:3853
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-020-03715-5
  255. Hyung Woo Kim, Mikyoung Park, Jong Ho Lee. Clinical Evaluation of the Rapid STANDARD Q COVID-19 Ag Test for the Screening of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. Ann Lab Med 2022;42:100
    https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.1.100
  256. Mikyoung Park, Mina Hur, Hanah Kim, Chae Hoon Lee, Jong Ho Lee, Hyung Woo Kim, Minjeong Nam, Seungho Lee. Soluble ST2 as a Useful Biomarker for Predicting Clinical Outcomes in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients. Diagnostics 2023;13:259
    https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13020259
  257. Kyung Soo Hong, Jong Geol Jang, Jian Hur, Jong Ho Lee, Hong Nam Kim, Wonhwa Lee, June Hong Ahn. Early Hydroxychloroquine Administration for Rapid Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Eradication. Infect Chemother 2020;52:396
    https://doi.org/10.3947/ic.2020.52.3.396
  258. Ho-Jae Lim, Hye-Soo Jung, Min-Young Park, Young-Hyun Baek, Balaji Kannappan, Jin-Young Park, Jae-Hyun Yang, Ja-Hwan Seol, Min-Woo Lee, Sun-Kyung Jung, Sun-Hwa Lee, Jung-Eun Park, Yong-Jin Yang. Evaluation of Three Automated Extraction Systems for the Detection of SARS-CoV-2 from Clinical Respiratory Specimens. Life 2022;12:68
    https://doi.org/10.3390/life12010068
  259. Xuemei Wang, Ping Xie, Guojuan Sun, Zhumei Deng, Min Zhao, Shuting Bao, Yunxia Zhou. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of western medicine routine treatment combined with Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of COVID-19. 2020;99:e21616
    https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000021616
  260. Nazih A. Bizri, Walid Alam, Tala Mobayed, Hani Tamim, Maha Makki, Umayya Mushrrafieh. COVID-19 in conflict region: the arab levant response. BMC Public Health 2021;21
    https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11580-4
  261. Soo-Kyung Kim, Yoon-Hee Oh, Dae-Hyun Ko, Heungsup Sung, Heung-Bum Oh, Sang-Hyun Hwang. Nanoparticle-Based Visual Detection of Amplified DNA for Diagnosis of Hepatitis C Virus. Biosensors 2022;12:744
    https://doi.org/10.3390/bios12090744
  262. Kyunghoon Lee. Laboratory Diagnosis of COVID-19 in Korea. Ewha Med J 2021;44:1
    https://doi.org/10.12771/emj.2021.44.1.1
  263. Juan Gómez, Santiago Melón, José A. Boga, Marta E. Alvarez-Argüelles, Susana Rojo-Alba, Alvaro Leal-Negredo, Cristian Castello-Abietar, Victoria Alvarez, Elías Cuesta-Llavona, Eliecer Coto. Capillary electrophoresis of PCR fragments with 5´-labelled primers for testing the SARS-Cov-2. Journal of Virological Methods 2020;284:113937
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2020.113937