Article

Letter to the Editor

Ann Lab Med 2021; 41(5): 502-503

Published online September 1, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2021.41.5.502

Copyright © Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine.

The Stability of Blood Gas Parameters Depends on Leukocyte Counts

Lucie Vaudran, Pharm.D.1 , Jean David Pekar, M.D.1 , Guillaume Grzych, Pharm.D.1 , Ph.D.2, and Patrice Maboudou, M.D.1

1CHU Lille, Service de Biochimie Automatisée Protéines, Lille, France; 2CHU Lille, Service d’Hormonologie, Métabolisme, Nutrition et Oncologie, Lille, France

Correspondence to: Guillaume Grzych, Pharm.D., Ph.D.
Laboratory of Biochemistry, Biology and Pathology Center, Lille University Hospital, Pr J. Leclercq Boulevard, 59037, Lille Cedex, France
E-mail: guillaume.grzych@chru-lille.fr

Received: December 31, 2020; Revised: February 5, 2021; Accepted: March 23, 2021

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Dear Editor,

Arbiol-Roca, et al. [1] recently published an article titled “Stability of pH, blood gas partial pressure, hemoglobin oxygen saturation fraction, and lactate concentration” in the Annals of Laboratory Medicine. The authors reported that the stability of blood gas parameters primarily depends on the blood sample storage temperature and time. Therefore, they recommended storage under strict temperature and time criteria (0–3.9°C, 45 minutes) for determining pH, partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and oxygen (pO2), hemoglobin oxygen saturation (sO2), and lactate concentration in blood gas syringes. However, the authors did not consider that leukocyte count also impact blood gas parameter stability. Our previous research showed that modest leukocytosis (i.e., leukocyte count >15×109/L) impacts the stability of glucose and pH in blood samples [2]. We observed that the pH decreased over time in samples with leukocytosis when compared with samples without leukocytosis. A significant positive correlation was observed between leukocyte count and a pH change over time (r=-0.707; P<0.0001), but not between leukocyte count and a change in pO2 (r=-0.167; P=0.121) or pCO2 (r=0.134; P=0.348) over time. The larger decrease in pH in cases of leukocytosis might be due to a higher leukocyte glucose metabolism, contributing to increased lactate production and thus promoting acidosis. Other studies have shown that severe leukocytosis led to rapid O2 consumption, which can cause false hypoxemia [3, 4]. Therefore, the storage criteria recommended by Arbiol-Roca, et al. [1] may not be sufficient to manage stability.

In cases of low pH, in the absence of clinical signs and/or an obvious cause of a spurious pH value, we suggest checking leukocyte count. Spurious pH values can be caused by a delay (longer than 30 minutes) between sample collection and analysis, EDTA contamination, or inappropriate sample transport [1, 5]. When the leukocyte count is >15×109/L, we suggest using point-of-care testing (POCT) to measure blood gas parameters to avoid spurious results (Fig. 1). The use of a POCT device reduces preanalytical transport-related issues and the time to measurement, thus reduces the impact of leukocyte counts on the stability of blood gas parameters [6, 7]. We wanted to provide a reminder of the significant impact of leukocyte counts on the stability of blood gas parameters and recommend considering leukocyte measurement in future studies and clinical practice.

Figure 1. Validation algorithm of blood gas parameters in case of acidosis.

Vaudran L and Pekar JD wrote the paper and Maboudou P and Grzych G co-supervised.


The authors have no conflict of interest to disclose.

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